What is the difference between global warming and climate change?
Many would ask this question what scientists are trying to say precisely with these phrases. Now we have a simple explanation for you here. Climate change covers a whole set of climate change, not just warming the atmosphere. Higher temperatures trigger changes in many properties of weather and climate, such as wind patterns, quantity and distribution of precipitation, frequency and type of extreme weather events. They can cause far-reaching and unpredictable consequences on the environment and socio-economic conditions. Global warming is based solely on raising global temperature and warming the atmosphere.
We live in a very exciting period of human history, in the grip of all kinds of problems that need to be sorted out. One of the biggest threats to humanity is climate change. People on Earth are getting more and more and our planet is being exploited and destroyed more quickly. In the second half of the 20th century, humanity experienced the world’s largest economic growth throughout history. The consequences of this were the increasing use of fossil fuels, there were more and more large factories that pollute and destroy our atmosphere with their emissions, and a major problem was also the high growth of traffic. The consequences of all this are felt anywhere and every day.
In recent years, humanity has become increasingly aware that something will have to be done for our existence. Increasingly, t. i. “Green energy”, people are becoming more and more aware of waste management and more, and more.
Greenhouse gases have a long life, so the current efforts to limit the release of these into the atmosphere will bring forth fruit in a few decades time. A lifestyle will need to change, introducing new, more environmentally friendly technologies that will lessen the environment with greenhouse gases. We can also contribute a lot to individuals if we live in harmony with climate conditions and use energy conservatively; if possible, the use of fossil fuels is replaced by renewable energy sources.
The impact of climate change on ecosystems (animals, plants and their environment)
There is a high probability that in the 21st century the existence of many ecosystems will be threatened by a combination of climate change and related disorders (eg floods, droughts, wildfires, insects, ocean acidification) and other climate change promoters such as land use change, pollution, excessive exploitation of natural resources. If the average global temperature rises by more than 2 to 3 ° C above the pre-industrial level, we can expect that disruptions in the functioning of some ecosystems will be so large that they will also have negative effects on the products and services they produce, such as water and food.
In this case, we can expect that the threat of extinction will endanger 20-30% of plant and animal species (according to current estimates). The coral reefs will be endangered due to their low adaptation capacity due to the heat loads and gradual acidification of the oceans. The rise of sea level will have negative consequences on coastal wetlands, such as salt marshes.
What can I do to lessen the environment?
We want people to be healthy and live in the best possible way. As climate change brings more and more negative consequences to our lives, we must change our habits and way of living, and thus contribute to reducing environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
use of public transport, bicycles or walking decisions,
when choosing a vehicle, the choice of the one with lower CO2 emissions. with alternative types of propulsion (in the future, the most economical electric cars will be),
regular car maintenance,
participation in schooling for environmentally efficient driving,
streamlining and controlling the choice of business routes (reducing the number of missions with airplanes, cars, replacing trains, using video conferencing or teleconferencing, etc.)
use of rainwater and wastewater, where possible (watering the garden and lawn, washing the car, etc.),
the use of water-saving technologies available on the market (kettles with two levels of flushing or placing the bottle in a plain kettle, installation of low-flow air vents, water-spraying etc.)
replacing bottles with water and water balloons with water in bottles and serving water in glass jugs,
the use of irrigation systems ensuring the minimum consumption of (drinking) water,
regular checking that water does not escape and prevention of water flowing into the empty,
washing the container with as little means as possible and using liquid water only for rinsing.
Electricity saving and energy sources:
switching off lights, computers, screens, printers, photocopiers, scanners and all devices that do not need electricity (not stand-by!),
installation of energy-saving light bulbs at replacement, regular maintenance of heating and other devices, purchase of energy-saving products (purchase of energy-grade appliances of at least A +),
the rational use of the lift (up to the third floor on foot), the climate (during the heating season at most 21 degrees Celsius, during the cooling season of the rooms at least 24 degrees) and other energy-consuming devices,
energy audit of buildings and facilities and implementation of optimization of heating, ventilation, hot water and air conditioning preparation,
decision for own, renewable energy for heating, district heating to renewable sources or connection to green energy, a decision on gas for heating that is less polluting to the environment than coal.
Paper, plastic and other paper saving:
double-sided printing, printing multiple pages on a sheet of paper, printing in a color-less mode,
the cancellation of unnecessary printed matter (you receive a sign on the post that tells the postman that you do not want to receive advertising material),
use paper bags or bags of goods that you always carry with you,
purchase of recyclable packaging (aluminum has a degradation period of 500 years if discarded, styrofoam or polystyrene foam is completely biodegradable), reuse (eg batteries, glass jars), food in large packaging and care for local supply (freight transport is one of the major contaminants),
separate collection of waste (paper, glass, packaging, hazardous waste, organic waste or composting) and reduction of their quantity,
the purchase of foods produced in accordance with organic production standards, preferably locally grown and seasonal,
failure to purchase non-essential goods (products made of tropical wood, etc.),
the purchase of clothing and personal care products from organic production without harmful additives and the use of environmentally less polluting agents for cleaning,
the use of wood and other natural materials for new construction, interior furnishings, and the wood should be coated with beeswax or ecologically produced oils.
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